The Peanut, or groundnut, is a species in the legume family native to South America, Mexico and Central America. It is an annual plant. The flowers are a typical peaflower in shape, yellow with reddish veining. After pollination, the fruit develops into a legume which will contain 1 to 4
seeds, which forces its way underground to mature. It is widely cultivated, especially in the southern US, and large quantities are used to make oil or animal feed.
Peanuts are known by many names, including Earthnuts, Ground Nuts, Goober Peas, and Monkey Nuts.